Mange is a common skin disease that affects dogs and other pets like birds and cats.
There are two main types of mange: sarcoptic mange (canine mange) and demodicosis (demodicosis or red mange).
Sarcoptic mange is caused by microscopic, oval, light-colored mites. This type of mange is contagious to both dogs and humans.
Demodex mange, on the other hand, is caused by Demodex canis, another tiny mite that cannot be seen without the help of a microscope. This mange affects puppies from 3 to 12 months of age and cannot be transmitted to humans.
Puppies recover quickly from mange, but adult dogs often require longer treatment to control the disease.
Your dog can develop mange from exposure to an infected animal, dirty skin, poor hygiene, transmission from mother to puppies in unsanitary breeding conditions, frequent visits to animal shelters or boarding houses, and use of clippers and towels at pet salons.
Some common symptoms you may see in dogs with mange are:severe itching, hair loss, weight loss, crusted discharge from the ears, general feeling of lethargy, sores from constant scratching and scabbing in localized areas such as the armpits, elbows, ears, chest or abdomen.
The intensity of symptoms caused by mange can make your dog behave in a nervous, restless or agitated manner.
There are many over-the-counter ointments and creams that can help treat this problem. You can also try some home remedies.
Also, the first step when your dog has mange is to isolate him to prevent the condition from spreading to other pets and people.
Here are the top 10 home remedies for mange dogs.
1. Hydrogen Peroxide and Borax
When used correctly, a combination of hydrogen peroxide and borax is one of the best and most effective sanitizers for your dog.
Hydrogen peroxide is a natural disinfectant and cleaning agent and helps create an environment where dust mites cannot survive. Borax, another natural disinfectant, is effective at killing bugs and fungus.
- Mix 2 cups of 3% hydrogen peroxide in 4 cups of water.
- Add 3 heaped tablespoons of borax to the solution.
- Stir well until the borax dissolves.
- Use this solution to thoroughly soak your pet's skin.
- Leave for several hours. In fact, there is no need to flush the skin with water.
- Repeat daily for 2 or 3 days.
- Then use this remedy once a week to reduce the risk of reinfection.
Also use this solution toWash bedding, toys, and anything washable your pet uses..
Use:Ingesting borax can make your dog ill, so keep it in a safe place where your dog cannot reach it.
2. Apple cider vinegar
Raw, unfiltered apple cider vinegar is another simple home remedy that can be applied topically to treat and control a scabies infection. Apple cider vinegar is effective primarily because of its antiseptic and antimicrobial properties.
- Mix 1 cup apple cider vinegar and water. Pour it into a spray bottle. Spray the solution onto your dog's coat while combing down the center. Make sure the solution soaks the skin completely. Allow the skin to air dry. Use this remedy 2-3 times a week depending on the severity of scabies.
- Alternately, mix ½ cup each of apple cider vinegar, borax, and warm water in a large bucket. Dip a clean sponge into the solution and rub it gently over your dog. Allow the skin to air dry. Follow this remedy 2 or 3 times a week.
- Also, add raw, unfiltered apple cider vinegar to your dog's food once a day for a week. The dosage is 1 teaspoon for dogs up to 14 pounds, 2 teaspoons for dogs 15 to 34 pounds, and 1 tablespoon for dogs 35 to 85 pounds.
Use:Never apply undiluted apple cider vinegar to your dog's body as it can sting.
The alkaline nature of sulfur soaps keeps scabies at bay and reduces inflammation. In addition, the parasites responsible for the disease are killed.
- Dampen your dog's fur with water.
- Next, rub sulfur soap around the skin until very foamy.
- Leave it on for 30 minutes to give the mites enough time to rise to the surface.
- Rinse with water until all soap is removed.
- Let your dog shake and then hold it in the sun to air dry.
- Bathe your dog with sulfur soap once or twice a week until there are no signs of infection.
Neem or Indian lilac has various dermatological benefits for humans and pets. Its antiseptic nature helps treat scabies and keeps infections at bay. It even nourishes and soothes the skin and promotes faster fur growth.
- Get an over-the-counter neem shampoo and bathe your dog with it every week.
- Boil a handful of neem leaves in a pot of water for 10 minutes. Let the water cool and then strain it. Spray the neem-infused water onto your dog's coat and leave on (no rinsing required). Repeat once a day.
- Another option is to mix equal amounts of pure neem oil and coconut oil. Apply to the affected area 2 or 3 times a day.
5. Vegetable Oil
Any type of vegetable oil can also help kill mites and treat scabies.
The sticky nature of vegetable oil helps cut off the mites' airflow, eventually killing them. It also softens waxy deposits and scabs left behind by mites, which in turnprovides relief from endless scratching.
- Dip a clean sponge in a bowl of vegetable oil.
- Run the oil-soaked sponge through your dog's coat.
- Be sure to rub the areas that are dry and stained.
- Do this twice a day.
Honey is another natural product that can greatly relieve your pet's discomfort.
This powerful antioxidant makes it difficult for mites to survive long on the skin. It relieves all that painful itching and scratching.
Plus, its natural antiseptic nature helps heal the skin and prevent further infection.
- Apply some locally harvested honey directly to the affected skin.
- Leave for a few hours.
- Wash off excess honey with water to prevent ants, which are attracted to honey, from biting your dog's skin.
- Do this twice a day.
Lemon is commonly used to treat various skin problems in humans, but what people don't know is that it's great for animals too.
Since lemon juice is very acidic, it can successfully kill microscopic parasites. even helpheal damaged skin.
- Cut 1 lemon (with the zest) into small pieces.
- Place the lemon wedges in a saucepan filled with water.
- Bring the water to a nice boil.
- Turn off the stove, cover the pot, and let the solution soak overnight.
- Apply the mixture to your pet's coat with a sponge in the morning.
- Do this once a day.
Use:Do not apply lemon juice directly to open scabs as it can cause a burning sensation.
8. Food grade diatomaceous earth
A scab infestation can be controlled by internally administering food grade diatomaceous earth. It is a non-toxic and safe substance for dogs to consume.
- For medium-sized dogs, add 1 tablespoon of food-grade diatomaceous earth to their food daily. For small dogs and puppies, keep the dosage at just 1 teaspoon per day. Do this for about a month.
- Prepare a dry powder with equal amounts of food grade diatomaceous earth, neem powder, and yarrow powder. Rub this powder mixture into your dog's coat twice a day.
- Simply applying a food-grade diatomaceous earth paste and a little water to your pet's coat also helps. You can use it twice a day and don't need to rinse.
Use:Avoid putting diatomaceous earth around your dog's eyes and mouth as it can irritate the mucous membranes. Be sure to use food-grade diatomaceous earth, not the kind intended for patio and garden use.
To treat the problem of crusted discharge from your dog's ears due to mange, yogurt is very helpful.
The acidophilus bacteria found in yogurt can help eliminate this symptom and alleviate that particular discomfort your dog is experiencing. Also, yogurt soothes the skin and helps cleanse the affected area.
- Gently rub 2 tablespoons of plain yogurt onto the inside of your pet's scabies-affected ears.
- Rinse off with lukewarm water at the end of the day.
- Repeat once a day until no more crusted or discolored discharge comes out of the ears.
10. Aloe Vera
While aloe vera is an excellent remedy for skin conditions in humans, it is also beneficial for dogs. Because of its natural antiseptic and antiparasitic properties, aloe vera is a great remedy for canine scabies.
This natural sedative can provide instant relief from itching and scratching that is causing your dog a great deal of discomfort.
- Give your dog a nice soapy bath.
- Allow the skin to air dry and then apply fresh aloe vera gel to the skin. It is not necessary to rinse the gel off the skin.
- Do this once a day and you will see the results soon.
- Wash your dog's bedding regularly in hot water to get rid of the mites that cause mange.
- Bathe your dog regularly with a mild soap. The alkaline nature of the soap prevents the spread of scabies.
- When brushing or combing your pet's hair, look out for signs of mites.
- Feed your dog healthy, which contains a high amount of vitamin A, complex B, C, E, lecithin and zinc.
- Keeping your dog away from another infected pet will help you recover faster and keep the disease at bay.
- Take your dog to the vet regularly to check for scratches and to make sure the mites have been completely eradicated.