The Rotterdam cruise port is located around the Wilhelmina pier in Port Rotterdam - the largest port in Europe. The city of Rotterdam is located in the Dutch province of South Holland. With a population (over 620,000/ meter approx. 1.2 million), the city is the second largest in the country (after the capitalamsterdam). The distance from Amsterdam is around 70 km (45 miles).
Rotterdam is a traditional port (turnover/departure port) forHolland America Line. It is also often included on transatlantic crossings between Europe and the US-Canada. Cruise ships calling in Rotterdam operate on the 'Baltic Sea', 'Scandinavia and Russia' and 'Norwegian Fjords' themed itineraries.
The first cruise ships to dock at Port Rotterdam were the Holland America Line steamers – SS Nieuw Amsterdam (built 1906), SS Statendam (1956) and SS Rotterdam (1959). HAL's transatlantic voyages ranged from Rotterdam toNYC (New York USA).
Rotterdam Shore Excursions visit Delft, located approximately 16 km/10 miles north-north-west (via the A13). Delft is often part of cruise itineraries run by riverboats. Boats dock in Rotterdam and transport their tourists to Delft in luxury coaches. Delft tour visit Royal Delft (established De Koninklijke Porcelyne Fles NV/1653 factory with museum and guided tours). The Royal Delft factory still produces the famous blue and white Delftware (also known as Delfts blauw/Delft Blue) - pottery/ceramics and pewter glazed objects such as vases, plates, tiles, figurines, etc. Royal Delft is now the only one left (out of a total of 32 factories founded in the 17th century) and its production has never stopped – since 1653! Delft is also famous for being the home port of the VOC-Verenigde Oostindische Compagnie (Dutch East India Company/1602-1799) - the world's first joint-stock company - a company with shares that can be bought/sold by shareholders.
Port of Rotterdam
Port Rotterdam (code NLRTM) is Europe's largest cargo port, handling around 140,000 ships and over 460 million tonnes of cargo annually. In the period 1962-2004, it was the busiest port in the world (today it is the 3rd in the world - belowSingaporeeShanghai, China). In 2012, the port was the 6th largest cargo port in the world. In 2018, the Port of Rotterdam handled 29,476 international vessels plus 107,000 land vessels (boats and barges). The port is well connected to major European cities by rail and road.
The port has a total area of around 105 km2 (41 mi2), extending over around 40 km (25 mi2). The port also includes the historic port city of Rotterdam. and Maasvlakte (reclaimed area jutting out into the North Sea). Consists of all 5 distinct port zones plus 3 distribution cargo parks. There are 8 maritime terminals serving approximately 150,000 different shipping companies.
The port's most important industries are petrochemicals (large oil refineries and storage facilities) and general cargo transportation. The Port of Rotterdam is an important transshipment point for bulk cargo and other goods transported between Europe and other continents (mainly China to Asia). From the port, goods are transported to mainland Europe by ships (North Sea), river ships (Meuse and Rhine rivers), also trains and roads. In June 2007, the Dutch section of the Betuweroute - a two-wheeled fast freight railway connecting Rotterdam to Germany - opened. The heaviest trains in Germany transport iron ore from Port Rotterdam to Dillingen (Germany) via Betuweroute.
The Nieuwe Waterweg is a large river. It is an artificially constructed waterway designed to connect the Rhine and Meuse rivers to the North Sea. The canal was inaugurated in 1872. In October 2017, the project to deepen the Nieuwe Waterweg canal was announced (dredging work started in 2018).
- The project involved a 1.5 m dredge along a 25 km (16 mile) stretch between Hoek van Holland, the Benelux Tunnel and the port of Botlek. The dredging involved 3 different depths - Botlek (from 14.5 to 16 m), Nieuwe Waterweg Canal (from Hoek van Holland to Maassluis, from 15 to 16 m) and Maassluis to Benelux Tunnel (from 14.5 to 16.5 m ).
- The deepening of the channel allowed access to the port of Rotterdam for larger vessels (with a maximum draft of 15 m). For comparison purposes, New Panamax ships (maximum draft 14.90 m) can navigate through the new locks on the Panama Canal, which means that such ships can reach Port Botlek without restrictions.
Port developments over the years have led to a complex infrastructure with numerous docks and port basins (protected port zones). The port area was expanded with the Europoort complex built along the mouth of the Nieuwe Waterweg. The harbor also extended into the North Sea on the south side of the Nieuwe Waterweg across the Maasvlakte (built near Hoek van Holland - a seaside town on the north bank of the Nieuwe Waterweg).
Port Botlek was built in the period 1955-1960. It mainly serves the petrochemical industry and tank storage companies. Between 2010-2015, several wind turbines were added to the Rotterdam harbor skyline. The second Maasvlakte opened in 2013.
The EECV berth terminal has a maximum draft of 24 m (78 ft), making it one of only three deep water ports in the world to accommodate the world's largest bulk carriers. The other 2 locations are the terminal in Ponta da Madeira (Brazil) and the iron ore quay in Caofeidian (China). Currently, the world's largest bulk carrier (MS Berge Stahl / GT 175720, DWT 364767) has a draft of 23 m (75 ft) when fully loaded. To dock in Rotterdam, the freighter must navigate through the Eurogeul canal, which was dug into the North Sea in conjunction with the port. The channel is 57 km (35 miles) long and 23 m (75 feet) deep.
Much of the port's container loading and stacking operations are performed by large-capacity unmanned robotic cranes and AGVs (Automated Guided Vehicles / also known as tanks). Each of these AGVs carries a 1 TEU container. They navigate on their own in the container terminal guided by a magnetic grid embedded in the asphalt. Unmanned stacker cranes load/unload containers to/from AGVs and store them in the terminal's dedicated stacking yard.
The port and surrounding area are at risk from maritime storms. The Maeslantkering flood barrier consists of 2 huge gates resting on the Nieuwe Waterweg reservoir beds. When a flood 3 m (10 ft) above sea level is predicted, these gates float into place and sink. When the water level drops, the gates float back to the docks. There is a second flood barrier (Hartelkering) on the Hartelkanaal.
Port statistics for 2016 included: number of ships in transit 27,902 (oceanic) and ~100,000 (river/inland), cargo volumes (bulk carriers andcontainer ships) 321.2 million tons (input) and 140 million tons (output).
In March 2018, Port Rotterdam started construction work on the Container Exchange Route (CER) project. CER connects all container terminals and deepwater railway stations, warehouses and distribution companies in Maasvlakte. The new concrete road reduced switching costs between companies and improved road connections with the European hinterland. The EUR 175 million CER project included infrastructure upgrades, the purchase of new terminal systems and IT system modifications. For the stretch of the CER road, a joint venture between two Dutch companies (KWS Infra, Van Hattum en Blankevoort) was concluded. The road project includes approximately 11.5 km (7 miles) of concrete road, 3 junctions, 1 level crossing, 3 railway viaducts. The CER project was scheduled to be completed by the end of 2020.
In June 2018, APM Terminals Maasvlakte 2 launched the daily "Cool Port" barge service to a cold storage facility installed in the Waalhaven section of the port. controlled products.
- In May 2021,APM Terminals Rotterdam has sold the ECT Delta container terminal in Maasvlakte to Hutchison Ports Netherlands BV (part of Hutchison Ports Europe). The facility has a berth length of 1.6 km (1 mi) and is serviced by 13x gantry cranes.
- Hutchison Ports Netherlands also manages the Port's Euromax terminals.
In April 2023, APM Terminals signed with the Rotterdam Port Authorityagreement to expand the Maasvlakte 2 terminal by more than EUR 1 billion (~USD 1.1 billion). The new project involves the development of approximately 47.5 hectares (0.475 km2 / ~116 acres) of land, in addition to the construction of a new 1,000 m/3,280 ft deep water berth. The expansion of Maasvlakte 2 (expected to be completed in 2026-H2) will increase the Terminal's annual capacity by ~2 million TEUs. At the time of the agreement, the Port Authority was working on new quay walls (expected to be completed by 2024-H1). Also in 2023, Maersk leased 18.5 hectares (45 acres) of land in the same area (adjacent to Maasvlakte II) for the development of cross-dock and cold storage facilities (to serve subsidiary Maersk Star Container Services) with all available undeveloped sites in Amaliahaven have been leased for terminal extensions.
Since January 2019, Port Rotterdam offers a Green Award discount for chemical tankers and marine vessels under 20,000 DWT.
In August 2019, construction began on the RTM Polymer Hub (a bulk container yard plus two logistics/raw material warehouses serving the plastics industry). The facility (15,500 m2 yard plus 19,500 m2 warehouses) has a storage capacity of 0.55 million tons and was completed in March 2020.
For fiscal 2019 (financial year), the Port of Rotterdam reported 29,491 marine vessels handled (29,476 in 2018), 113 port accidents (112 in 2018), increased LNG supply capacity (3 permanent vessels plus 6 companies licensees for LNG refueling in Porto).
At the end of April 2020, RWG (Rotterdam World Gateway / container storage and transshipment terminal) was delivered 2 times new platform cranes (manufactured by ZPMC China) scheduled to start operation in 2020-H2. With a lift height of 56 m (184 ft), these are some of the largest container cranes in the world, capable of handling up to 26 rows of box ships. Along with the platform cranes, RWG also purchased 25x new AGVs (Automated Guided Vehicles).
In September 2021, Royal Dutch Shell announced the project to build one of the largest biofuel production facilities in Europe. With an annual capacity of 820,000 tonnes, the facility (at Shell Energy & Chemicals Park/fka Pernis Refinery) will produce SAF (sustainable aviation fuel) and renewable diesel from waste.
In early July 2022, it was announced that two subsidiaries of Shell plc (Shell Nederland BV and Shell Overseas Investments BV) will invest in the construction of Europe's largest green hydrogen plant (Holland Hydrogen I), due for completion in 2025.
- The 200 MW plant that produces H2 and O2 from seawater via electrolysis (maximum daily production capacity of 60 tons of hydrogen) will be built in Tweede Maasvlakte.
- Renewable electricity for the electrolyte comes from Windpark Hollandse Kust North (an offshore wind farm partly owned by Shell plc).
- The renewable hydrogen produced feeds Shell's facilities via the HyTransPort1 pipeline, replacing some of the gray H2 used at the oil refinery where diesel and jet fuel are primarily produced.
"Holland Hydrogen I" is part of the Maasvlakte 2 Project (opened in 2013). This is a major engineering project that involved building a new cargo port (with road and rail support infrastructure) on reclaimed land (~20 km2/2000 ha in size) protected by a 4 km / 2 m embankment. ,5 miles. About 1 km2/1000 hectares houses port business facilities. To cope with the increased maritime traffic, the Eurogeul/Euromaasgeul was widened (57 km/35 mi long with a depth of 23 m/75 ft).
As of January 2024 the DFDS connection to Vlaardingen (2 berths out of 4) is in useelectricity on landsupplied by Rotterdam Shore Power BV - a joint venture of the Port Rotterdam Authority and Eneco Groep NV (producer and supplier of natural gas, electricity and heat). The facility uses electricity from the city's public power grid and allows berthed ships to switch off their diesel generators, reducing noise and pollution in the port. The facility has a capacity of 1.8 MW and annually supplies 3.5 GWh of electricity.
Port of Rotterdam stats 2018
For the third quarter of 2018, the port reported the following data (compared to the third quarter of 2017):
- Overall drop of 0.4% in maritime trade
- a total of 350 million tons of cargo handled (decrease of 1.5 million tons)
- 5.7% increase in TEUs (total of 10,780,204 million containers)
- 10% increase in inbound TEUs, 7.6% decrease in outbound TEUs, 10% increase in case trade in North America, 20% increase in South America
- 1.1% reduction in the supply of liquid bulk (crude oil, oil derivatives, marine diesel oil)
- The increase in LNG traffic (almost 0.8 million tons) is due to shipments of natural gas viaYamal LNG Icebreakers (Russia).
- Decline of 7.3% in dry bulk, mainly agricultural (-18%), iron ore (-6%) and coal (-4.6%) - attributed to poor harvests in South America (lower incoming shipments) and lower wheat prices in Europe, increase in the price of CO2 emission rights (increased consumption of energy from renewable sources).
- 1.3% increase in the volume of fractional transactions (Ro-Ro Shipping).
On January 31, 2018, the Port Authority announced its partnership with IBM Corporation to digitize most operations. Previously, radio and radar technologies were used for communication between vessel captains and port personnel (assistant pilots and tugboats, terminal operators).
- The “digital port” uses sensors installed in a land and sea area of 42 kilometers (along the quay walls, mooring points, roads). The sensors collect various data (including hydroelectric and meteorogenetic) on marine tides and water currents, temperatures, winds (speed, direction), visibility of water levels, availability of moorings.
- The collected data is first analyzed by IBM's cloud-based technologies and then transformed into information that can be used for decisions that result in reduced wait times and optimized berthing times, thus allowing the port to handle more ships.
- Cisco (IT and networks) and Axians (ICT solutions and services) are also involved in this project.
For 2018 (fiscal year), the port recorded a record total cargo handling of 469 million (467.4 million in 2017). Container transhipment increased by 4.5%. Total TEUs increased by 5.7% (to 14.5 million). Record increases were reported for LNG (163.6%) and biomass (31.6%). There was a drop in volumes in the transport of agricultural bulk, crude oil and oil products. Gross investment in the port increased by 91% (to 408.1 million euros) compared to 2017 (213.8 million euros). The biggest projects were the Container Exchange Route (Maasvlakte), the Princess Amalia Viaduct, the rail port relocation (via Theemsweg).
- Transhipment of LNG increased by 163.6% - mainly due to imports via icebreakers from Yamal (Russia).
- Dry bulk yield decreased by 3%.
- Porto's turnover decreased to 707.2 million euros (712.1 million euros in 2017).
- Net income (excluding taxes) was 254.1 million euros (247.3 million euros in 2017).
- Space rental expenses decreased by 0.9% (to 373.7 million euros).
- Operating expenses increased by 2.6% (to 267.8 million euros).
- Port shareholders received a dividend of €96.5 million (+38%), of which €68.3 million (Rotterdam City) and €28.2 million (Netherlands).
Port of Rotterdam stats 2017
In 2017, the port handled a total of 29,646 seagoing ships (29,022 in 2016). The number of reported incidents in port waters was 129 (up from 159 in 2016). In 2017, for the first time, the Port Police and the Port Authority carried out joint inspections of pleasure craft (ships and boats) in the port area. Also in 2017, for the first time, LNG refueling was provided to a ship berthed in the port. The new service is provided by the LNG tanker Cardissa, which serves the port area.
In 2017, port fees charged amounted to 289.6 million euros (sea port) plus 14.4 million euros (inland port). The port's main source of income is rents and long-term leases.
Port growth in container transport in 2017 was 12.3% (in tons), with overall cargo growth of 1.3% in tonnage (from 461 million to 467 million tons). Bulk cargo increased by 2.6% (dry bulk) and 4.1% (wet bulk). Breakbulk (Ro-Ro Shipping) increased by 7%. Container handling increased by 10.9% (13.7 million TEU) and 12.3% in weight (142.6 million tons). The greatest growth was recorded on sea routes linking Europe to Asia, South America and North America. The volume of traffic in the Baltic Sea on TEU increased by 21%. The volume of TEU traffic between the Mediterranean and ScanBaltic increased by 10.2%. The internal volume increased by 6.3%.
In 2017, the port's crude oil traffic volume increased by 2.3% (104.2 million tons). Volumes of mineral oils and petroleum products decreased by 10.8% (79.2 million tons), mainly due to reduced oil exports from Russia. Port LNG transport volumes increased by 16.5%. Volumes of dry bulk (minerals and scrap) were 31 million tons. The volume of agricultural bulk increased by 6.6% (11.1 million tons).
The Rotterdam Port Authority reported revenues in 2017 of €712.1 million (+4.6% compared to 2016), net profit of €187 million (down 16.6%), port investment of 213.8 EUR million (up 18.9%), land lease revenue EUR 377.3 million (up 10%), port fees EUR 303.9 million (decrease 1.7%), other revenue EUR 30, 9 million (8.7% increase), operating expenses 261 million euros (9.3% increase).
In accordance with the long-term agreements in force, the port proposed 94.6 million euros (2%) of the payment of dividends to its shareholders, of which Rotterdam City (port share 70.83% / 67 million euros) and the Netherlands/State (port share 29.17% / 27.6 million euros).
After the dividend was paid and debts were paid off, the port's profits were invested in development projects. In 2017, significant investments were made in Offshore Center Rotterdam, new berth (serving STENA LINE ships), modernization of berths (Caland Canal, Maasvlakte Plaza, RDM Grofsmederij. In 2017, a total of 213.8 million euros were invested (compared to 2016' 179.8 million euros).
Damen Shiprepair Port of Rotterdam
Damen Shiprepair Rotterdam is the largest ship repair and conversion yard in the Netherlands, also one of the largest in Western Europe. The facility is centrally located in Port Rotterdam and supports 250 employees. In Schiedam Netherlands, the company has 3 dry docks (one covered) plus 2 floating docks, workshops, cranes.
The Damen shipyard specializes in repair and maintenance work (both mechanical and steel). Its services include repairs, repairs and conversions, port services. Markets served by Damen include offshore, cruising, yachting, dredging. The shipyard is located in the middle of Port Rotterdam, has unrestricted access to open water and is close to many marine manufacturers (including OEM/original equipment manufacturer).
Here is the list of Damen shipyard facilities and their capabilities:
- Berth 1 (length 160 m, maximum draft 8 m) is served by 1 crane (40 tons).
- Berth 2 (length 120 m, maximum draft 8 m) is served by 1 crane (40 tons).
- Berth 3 (length 200 m, maximum draft 8 m) is served by 2 cranes (25 ton, 40 ton).
- Berth 4 (length 460 m, maximum draft 8 m) is served by 2 cranes (12 ton, 25 ton).
- Covered DryDock is 211 m long, 28 m wide, maximum draft of 9 m and served by 2 cranes (50 tons each).
- Floating Dock 1 (length 175 m, width 25 m, maximum draft 6.4 m) is served by 3 cranes (15 tons each).
- Floating Dock 2 (length 159 m, width 23 m, maximum draft 6.3 m) is served by 3 cranes (15 tons each).
- Open Dry Dock 1 (length 211 m, width 28.4 m, maximum draft 9 m) is served by 2 cranes (40 tons each).
- Open Dry Dock 2 (length 307 m, width 46.1 m, maximum draft 9.5 m) is served by 4 cranes (two 25 ton and two 100 ton).
All these facilities are fully equipped and well maintained and serviced by highly qualified workers. Types of marine vessels served here include offshore, dredgers, tankers,container ships, reefers (refrigerated cargo ships), bulk carriers, heavy cranes, renewable energy ships, cruise ships. Among the boats recentlyrenovatedof Damen isSaga Safira(em 2014),MSC Magnifica(in 2014), and in 2017 - theCMV'smallColombo,MagalhãeseMarco Polo.
Rotterdam Cruise Terminal
The Rotterdam cruise port terminal was built on the Wilhelmina pier. It is located west of the stunning Erasmus Bridge, on the south bank of the Maas River.
Amsterdam Airport Schiphol is 1 hour from the cruise ship terminal. Distance from Rotterdam airport is only 20 minutes. All of Holland's neighboring countries (France, Germany and Belgium) are easily accessible by high-speed trains. The city's main station is also close to the cruise terminal building. There are regular bus services fromAntwerp, Belgium(travel time ~ 1 hour).
Rotterdam Cruise Terminal
The cruise terminal underwent several changes between 2014-2015. The opening ceremony took place in May 2015.
The cruise terminal building is located on the Wilhelmina pier and has a total area of approximately 3800 m2. After renovation, the building has 700 m2 of luggage handling space. Renovation work included painting, new flooring, luggage storage, offices in Port Rotterdam. There is parking next to the SS Rotterdam Hotel - a former HAL cruise ship converted into a hotel/conference centre.
In September 2014, the passenger boarding drawbridge (covered and automatic) was installed. In February 2015, the bench replacement was 70% complete. The rest of the work was done between visits to the ships.
Rotterdam tours, shore excursions, hotels
City tours and shore excursions
The Port of Rotterdam: Rotterdam won Port of the Year in 2013. The port and atmosphere is well worth a look.
Euromast: or the Space Tower. Check out Rotterdam. The tower is 185 m and there is a restaurant at the top.
Erasmusbrug: or the Erasmus Bridge. So close to Rotterdam's cruise port terminal, you can't miss it. It was opened by Queen Beatrix in 1996. The bridge is 800 m long, it is also known as "The Swan" because of its color.
Willemsbrug: or the Willems Bridge is also known as the "Red Bridge" or "Golden Gate Bridge" of Rotterdam. It dates from 1981. It is above the Nieuwe Mass River.
Museums: the Boijmans Museum, the Natural History Museum, the Kunsthal Museum, the Maritime Museum and the Dutch Fotomuseum.
De Kuip football stadium: or the bathtub is home to the Feyenoord football team. The club is famous in Europe and so is the stadium.
Delftshaven: or the port of Delfts. The part of the city that remained largely intact during the bombings of World War II.